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Phenotypic and functional properties of Th lines and clones recognizing larval antigens of Schistosoma mansoni



Phenotypic and functional properties of Th lines and clones recognizing larval antigens of Schistosoma mansoni



Parasite Immunology 15(7): 373-382



Five T cell clones and two lines were derived from the lymph nodes (LN) of C57BL/6 mice immunized with radiation-attenuated lung-stage larvae of Schistosoma mansoni. All seven clones/lines were CD4+, CD8- and expressed high levels of CD44 and CD45RB surface markers. After prolonged maintenance in-vitro, with soluble antigen from 18 h schistosomula (SSP), five retained the ability to proliferate readily and release IFNg in response to concanavalin A (Con-A) and to SSP and/or soluble adult worm antigen (SWAP). These Th clones/lines induced significant footpad DTH reactions when injected with SWAP, but were unable to confer protective immunity after transfer to naïve recipient mice. This result could be explained by the antigen specificity of the clones/lines, since they were not able to release IFNg when cultured in-vitro with living lung-stage larvae. A second possibility is that the high level of CD45RB expression, which is not seen on the surface of pulmonary CD4+ memory/effector cells isolated directly from protectively-vaccinated mice, alters the ability of the clones/lines to release IFNg and to induce a DTH response in the lungs when they encounter antigen released from migrating schistosomula.

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Accession: 046973863

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8105441

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3024.1993.tb00622.x


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