+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Physical fitness and psychological benefits of strength training in community dwelling older adults

Physical fitness and psychological benefits of strength training in community dwelling older adults

Applied Human Science 16(6): 257-266

Previous studies concerning psychological benefits of exercise among the elderly has focused predominantly on the effects of aerobic exercise. In the present study, psychological and behavioral adaptations in response to 12-weeks of strength training were examined in medically healthy but sedentary 42 older adults (mean age = 68 years). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of high and low intensity resistance training intensity on a) muscular fitness, b) psychological affect, and c) neurocognitive functioning. Subjects were randomly assigned to high intensity/low volume (EXH: 2 sets of 8 to 10 repetitions for 75 to 85% of 1 RM), low intensity/high volume (EXL: 2 sets of 14 to 16 repetitions for 55 to 65% of 1 RM), or no exercise control programs. Prior to and following the 12-week program, subjects underwent comprehensive physiological and psychological evaluations. Physiological assessment included measurements of blood pressure, heart rate, arm and leg muscle strength, body composition, and oxygen consumption (VO2max). Psychological measures included evaluations of mood, anxiety, and physical self-efficacy as well as cognitive functioning. The results of this study indicated that both high and low intensity strength programs were associated with marked improvements in physiological fitness and psychological functioning. Specifically, subjects in the strength training programs increased overall muscle strength by 38.6% and reduced percent body fat by 3.0%. Favorable psychological changes in the strength-trained subjects included improvements in positive and negative mood, trait anxiety, and perceived confidence for physical capability. The treatment effects of neurocognitive functioning were not significant. In summary, this study demonstrated that participation in 12-weeks of high or low intensity strength training can improve overall physical fitness, mood, and physical self-efficacy in older adults while cognitive functioning remains constant.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 046983633

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9545677

Related references

Physical Fitness and Psychological Benefits of Strength Training in Community Dwelling Older Adults. Applied Human Science Journal of Physiological Anthropology 16(6): 257-266, 1997

Effects of strength training versus power training on physical performance in prefrail community-dwelling older adults. Gerontology 58(3): 197-204, 2012

Effect of strength and power training on physical function in community-dwelling older adults. Journals of Gerontology. Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 58(2): 171-175, 2003

The effect of strength and power training on physical function in independent community-dwelling older adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 34(5 Suppl.): S250, 2002

Benefits of a Pole Walking Program Offered by Community Organizations on Physical Fitness, Psychological Well-Being, and Cognitive Function Among Older Adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 2019: 1-10, 2019

Health condition and physical function as predictors of adherence in long-term strength and balance training among community-dwelling older adults. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 61(3): 452-457, 2016

Role of physical activity, physical fitness, and chronic health conditions on the physical independence of community-dwelling older adults over a 5-year period. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 65: 45-53, 2017

Normative physical fitness scores for community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Nursing Research 17(1): 30-41, 2009

Physical fitness and functional limitations in community-dwelling older adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 30(5): 715-723, 1998

Residual effects of muscle strength and muscle power training and detraining on physical function in community-dwelling prefrail older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Bmc Geriatrics 12: 68, 2012

Single set strength training increases strength, endurance and functional fitness in community living older adults. Activities, Adaptation and Aging 27(3/4): 1-18, 2003

A comparison of three physical activity programs for health and fitness tested with older women: Benefits of aerobic activity, aqua fitness, and strength training. Journal of Women and Aging 31(5): 419-431, 2018

Association between participation in social activity and physical fitness in community-dwelling older Japanese adults. Japanese Journal of Public Health 63(12): 727-737, 2016

Health risk appraisal in older people 7: long-acting benzodiazepine use in community-dwelling older adults in London: is it related to physical or psychological factors?. Primary Health Care Research and Development 18(3): 253-260, 2017

The effects of loaded and unloaded high-velocity resistance training on functional fitness among community-dwelling older adults. Age and Ageing 44(6): 926-931, 2015