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Prevalence, attitudes and knowledge of high school pupils towards drugs and other addictions: implications for school health education in Israel



Prevalence, attitudes and knowledge of high school pupils towards drugs and other addictions: implications for school health education in Israel



Patient Education and Counseling 43(2): 199-204



One hundred and fifteen high school pupils from Holon (a city in the center of Israel) participated in a study about the prevalence, knowledge and attitudes of these pupils towards drugs and other addictions (cigarettes and alcohol). Their mean age was 16.13 (+/-1.59) years; 43.9% were boys and 56.1% were girls. A total of 1.6% of the pupils regularly used illicit drugs, and an additional 11.3% were offered drugs. A total of 24% of the pupils smoked regularly (at least during the past year), and 42% consumed alcoholic beverages regularly. Their knowledge concerning illicit drugs was found to be inadequate; they correctly answered only 50% of the total study questions. A more liberal attitude towards illicit drugs was found with increasing age. Pupils who consumed illicit drugs received a higher scoring for their knowledge concerning the characteristics of various illicit drugs, as well as to having a more liberal attitude. The self image of the pupils who had experience with illicit drugs was lower (in two separate tests) in comparison to their peers. As a result of our study, our recommendation is to include the subject of illicit drugs, their dangers and prevention of their use in the official school curriculum from elementary school and during all subsequent school years.

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Accession: 047063985

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PMID: 11369153

DOI: 10.1016/s0738-3991(00)00163-4


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