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Problem solving in infancy: the emergence of an action plan

Problem solving in infancy: the emergence of an action plan

Developmental Psychology 35(4): 1091-1101

Young children's strategies were evaluated as they grasped and used objects. Spoons containing food and toys mounted on handles were presented to 9-, 14-, and 19-month-old children with the handle alternately oriented to the left and right. The alternating orientations revealed strategies that the children used for grasping items. Younger children usually reached with their preferred hand, disregarding the item's orientation. In the case of the spoon, this strategy produced awkward grasps that had to be corrected later. Older children anticipated the problem, alternated the hand used, and achieved an efficient radial grip (i.e., handle grasped with base of thumb toward food or toy end) for both orientations. A model of the development of action-selection strategies is proposed to illustrate planning in children younger than 2 years.

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Accession: 047080441

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10442877

DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.35.4.1091

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