Proprioception after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with and without bracing
Risberg, M.A.; Beynnon, B.D.; Peura, G.D.; Uh, B.S.
Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy Official Journal of the Esska 7(5): 303-309
ISSN/ISBN: 0942-2056 PMID: 10525700 DOI: 10.1007/s001670050168
In this investigation we evaluated the effect of ACL reconstruction and functional knee bracing on knee proprioception. Twenty subjects who experienced acute ACL disruption and underwent reconstruction with a bone-patellar tendon-bone graft participated in a controlled rehabilitation program and were studied at a mean follow-up of 2 years. A control group of ten subjects were also studied. In both groups proprioception was evaluated by measuring the threshold to detection of passive motion (TDPM) with the knee at 15 degrees of flexion with and without a functional knee brace applied. The Knee Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Cincinnati knee score, and two functional knee tests were also used as outcome measurements. Anterior-posterior displacement of the tibia relative to the femur was evaluated with the KT-1000 arthrometer. There were no significant differences in TDPM between the ACL-reconstructed and contralateral knees, or between the ACL reconstructed group and the healthy control group. Bracing did not produce a significant change in the TDPM for the ACL-reconstructed group or for the control group. There were low to moderate correlations between TDPM and the other outcome measurements. This study indicates that there is no significant differences in proprioception between the ACL-reconstructed knee and the contralateral uninvolved knee 1 year or more after surgery. Functional knee bracing does not seem to improve proprioception in patients who have undergone ACL reconstruction and been followed up on average 2 years after surgery.