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Proteolytic cleavage of the beta1 subunit of platelet alpha2beta1 integrin by the metalloproteinase jararhagin compromises collagen-stimulated phosphorylation of pp72


Proteolytic cleavage of the beta1 subunit of platelet alpha2beta1 integrin by the metalloproteinase jararhagin compromises collagen-stimulated phosphorylation of pp72



Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(51): 32599-32605



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 9405475

Early signaling events in the stimulation of platelets by collagen include the tyrosine phosphorylations of FcR gamma-chain, pp72(syk) and phospholipase Cgamma2. These events are dependent on the main platelet collagen receptor, alpha2beta1 integrin (glycoprotein Ia-IIa complex). We recently found that jararhagin, a 52-kDa snake venom metalloproteinase, selectively inhibits collagen-induced platelet secretion and aggregation in parallel with the cleavage of the beta1 subunit of the alpha2beta1 integrin. The present study demonstrates that jararhagin also interferes with collagen-induced phosphorylation of the protein-tyrosine kinase pp72(syk). This effect is not observed when the platelet aggregation response to collagen is inhibited by two venom RGD-containing disintegrins, contortrostatin and echistatin. These disintegrins inhibit platelet aggregation through their high affinity binding to the platelet alphaIIbbeta3 integrin (glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex). We also show that mild stimulation by ADP of jararhagin-treated platelets, but not of platelets treated with the RGD-containing disintegrins, restores the collagen-induced platelet aggregation. ADP also restored both pp72(syk) and pleckstrin phosphorylation of jararhagin-treated platelets in response to collagen, presumably via interaction of collagen with ADP-activated alphaIIbbeta3 integrin. Thus, RGD-containing disintegrins do not interfere with agonist-induced pp72(syk) phosphorylation but inhibit aggregation through occupancy of the alphaIIbbeta3 integrin. Conversely, jararhagin affects early platelet signaling events in response to collagen through its effects on the alpha2beta1 integrin without interfering with the function of the alphaIIbbeta3 integrin. Our demonstration that the degradation of the beta1 subunit of alpha2beta1 by jararhagin results in the loss of pp72(syk) phosphorylation, suggests that this subunit is critically involved in collagen-induced platelet signaling.

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Accession: 047114934

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Related references

Proteolytic cleavage of the beta1 subunit of platelet alpha2beta1 integrin by the metalloproteinase jararhagin compromises collagen-stimulated phosphorylation of pp72syk. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(51): 32599-32605, 1997

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