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Proteolytic events of wound-healing--coordinated interactions among matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), integrins, and extracellular matrix molecules

Proteolytic events of wound-healing--coordinated interactions among matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), integrins, and extracellular matrix molecules

Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine 12(5): 373-398

During wound-healing, cells are required to migrate rapidly into the wound site via a proteolytically generated pathway in the provisional matrix, to produce new extracellular matrix, and, subsequently, to remodel the newly formed tissue matrix during the maturation phase. Two classes of molecules cooperate closely to achieve this goal, namely, the matrix adhesion and signaling receptors, the integrins, and matrix-degrading and -processing enzymes, the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). There is now substantial experimental evidence that blocking key molecules of either group will prevent or seriously delay wound-healing. It has been known for some time now that cell adhesion by means of the integrins regulates the expression of MMPs. In addition, certain MMPs can bind to integrins or other receptors on the cell surface involved in enzyme activation, thereby providing a mechanism for localized matrix degradation. By proteolytically modifying the existing matrix molecules, the MMPs can then induce changes in cell behavior and function from a state of rest to migration. During wound repair, the expression of integrins and MMPs is simultaneously up-regulated. This review will focus on those aspects of the extensive knowledge of fibroblast and keratinocyte MMPs and integrins in biological processes that relate to wound-healing.

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Accession: 047114984

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PMID: 12002821

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