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Pulmonary mechanics in ventilated preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome after exogenous surfactant administration: a comparison between two surfactant preparations



Pulmonary mechanics in ventilated preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome after exogenous surfactant administration: a comparison between two surfactant preparations



Pediatric Pulmonology 18(5): 273-278



The effects of two surfactant preparations on lung mechanics have been studied on 24 ventilated premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS): 13 were given artificial surfactant (Exosurf Neonatal, Burroughs-Wellcome) and 11 natural porcine surfactant (Curosurf, Laboratoire Serono France). Measurements of respiratory system compliance (Cdyn, Crs) and resistance (Rrs) were performed immediately before surfactant administration and repeated 6, 18, 24, 48, and 72 hours later. With Exosurf treatment, 6 hours after surfactant administration inhaled O2 concentration (FlO2) could be lowered from (0.72 +/- 0.20, to 0.62 +/- 0.33; P < 0.05), whereas Crs did not change (0.37 mL/cmH2O/kg, +/- 0.14 vs. 0.39 +/- 0.12, NS). After 24 hours and during the following days a significant increase in Crs occurred (24 hours post-Exosurf: 0.51 +/- 0.18, P < 0.05). With Curosurf treatment, the improvement in oxygenation was greater and FlO2 could be lowered much more after 6 hours (from FlO2, 0.78 +/- 0.23 to 0.34 +/- 0.11, P < 0.01). This was associated with an increase in Crs (from 0.39 +/- 0.09 to 0.59 +/- 0.17, P < 0.05). During the following days, Crs was significantly higher in the group treated with Curosurf. Resistance was not altered by the type of surfactant preparation used except after 72 hours, when Rrs increased in the group treated with Exosurf. In conclusion, Curosurf appears to be more effective than Exosurf with regard to immediate pulmonary changes in ventilator treated premature infants with RDS. A rapid increase in Crs after Curosurf treatment indicates that recruitment of new functional areas of the lung is likely to be associated with a stabilization of small airways and alveolar units.

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Accession: 047131102

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7898964

DOI: 10.1002/ppul.1950180502


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