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Quantitative assessment of harmonic power Doppler myocardial perfusion imaging with intravenous Levovist in patients with myocardial infarction: comparison with myocardial viability evaluated by thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography and coronary flow reserve



Quantitative assessment of harmonic power Doppler myocardial perfusion imaging with intravenous Levovist in patients with myocardial infarction: comparison with myocardial viability evaluated by thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography and coronary flow reserve



European Journal of Echocardiography 3(4): 287-297



Intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography with harmonic power Doppler imaging is a novel technique for assessing myocardial perfusion. The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess myocardial perfusion by harmonic power Doppler imaging in patients with a previous myocardial infarction and compare myocardial contrast echocardiography results with myocardial viability evaluated by thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography ((201)Tl-SPECT) and the results of Doppler flow measurement of coronary flow velocity reserve. Twenty-three patients with anterior myocardial infarction who were scheduled for adenosine stress (201)Tl-SPECT underwent myocardial contrast echocardiography with harmonic power Doppler imaging. Harmonic power Doppler imaging was performed at rest and during adenosine infusion (0.15 mg/kg/min) using an intravenous infusion of Levovist. The peak colour pixel intensity ratios of the risk area to the control area were used for quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion by harmonic power Doppler imaging. Coronary blood flow velocity was measured using Doppler-tipped guidewire in the distal portion of left anterior descending artery and coronary flow velocity reserve was calculated. In patients with myocardial viability assessed by (201)Tl-SPECT, pixel intensity ratios both at rest and during hyperaemia were significantly higher compared with those in patients without myocardial viability (at rest: 0.62 +/- 0.28 vs 0.37 +/- 0.17, P=0.038, during hyperaemia 0.72 +/- 0.19 vs 0.40 +/- 0.18, P=0.003). Coronary flow velocity reserve was significantly different between two groups (2.35 +/- 0.43 vs 1.49 +/- 0.53, P <0.01). Quantitative assessment of microvascular integrity by harmonic power Doppler imaging corresponds to the evaluation of the microcirculation by coronary flow velocity reserve.

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Accession: 047148493

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12413444

DOI: 10.1016/s1525-2167(02)90178-2


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