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Rat liver microsomal enzyme catalyzed oxidation of 4-phenyl-trans-1-(2-phenylcyclopropyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine

Rat liver microsomal enzyme catalyzed oxidation of 4-phenyl-trans-1-(2-phenylcyclopropyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine

Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 9(7): 1685-1689

As part of our ongoing studies to characterize the catalytic pathway(s) for the monoamine oxidase and cytochrome P450 catalyzed oxidations of 1,4-disubstituted 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridinyl derivatives, we have examined the metabolic fate of 4-phenyl-trans-1-(2-phenylcyclopropyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine in NADPH supplemented rat liver microsomes. Three metabolic pathways have been identified: (1) allylic ring alpha-carbon oxidation to yield the dihydropyridinium species, (2) nitrogen oxidation to yield the N-oxide and (3) N-dealkylation to yield 4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine and cinnamaldehyde. A possible mechanism to account for the formation of cinnamaldehye involves an initial single electron transfer from the nitrogen lone pair to the iron oxo system Fe(+3)(O) to form the corresponding cyclopropylaminyl radical cation that will be processed further to the final products. The reaction pathway leading to the dihydropyridinium metabolite may also proceed via the same radical cation intermediate but direct experimental evidence to this effect remains to be obtained.

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Accession: 047174051

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PMID: 11425568

DOI: 10.1016/s0968-0896(01)00091-8

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