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Relative spatial position of a snake neurotoxin and the reduced disulfide bond alpha (Cys192-Cys193) at the alpha gamma interface of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

Relative spatial position of a snake neurotoxin and the reduced disulfide bond alpha (Cys192-Cys193) at the alpha gamma interface of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(33): 25608-25615

ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 10807914

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m002362200

We determined the distances separating five functionally important residues (Gln(10), Lys(27), Trp(29), Arg(33), and Lys(47)) of a three-fingered snake neurotoxin from the reduced disulfide bond alpha(Cys(192)-Cys(193)) located at the alphagamma interface of the Torpedo nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Each toxin position was substituted individually for a cysteine, which was then linked to a maleimido moiety through three different spacers, varying in length from 10 to 22 A. We estimated the coupling efficiency between the 15 toxin derivatives and the reduced cystine alpha(192-193) by gel densitometry of Coomassie Blue-stained gels. A nearly quantitative coupling was observed between alphaCys(192) and/or alphaCys(193) and all probes introduced at the tip of the first (position 10) and second (position 33) loops of Naja nigricollis alpha-neurotoxin. These data sufficed to locate the reactive thiolate in a "croissant-shaped" volume comprised between the first two loops of the toxin. The volume was further restrained by taking into account the absence or partial coupling of the other derivatives. Altogether, the data suggest that alphaCys(192) and/or alphaCys(193), at the alphagamma interface of a muscular-type acetylcholine receptor, is (are) located in a volume located between 11.5 and 15.5 A from the alpha-carbons at positions 10 and 33 of the toxin, under the tip of the toxin first loop and close to the second one.

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Accession: 047225655

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