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Risk factors for complications following resection of large gastric cancer

Risk factors for complications following resection of large gastric cancer

British Journal of Surgery 88(6): 873-877

Although there is a low mortality rate after gastrectomy in Japan, most studies include many early gastric cancers. There have been few studies on the morbidity after gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics and risk factors for postoperative complications after resection of large gastric cancers based on three clinical factors: patient, operation and tumour. A retrospective study was carried out on 97 patients with a gastric tumour measuring 10 cm or more in diameter. Postoperative complications were recorded and the patients were divided into two groups: 38 with complications and 59 without. Patient, operative and tumour findings were compared between the two groups. Overall morbidity and mortality rates were 39 and 7 per cent respectively. The most frequent complication was pleural effusion (17 per cent), followed by anastomotic leakage (14 per cent), abdominal abscess (12 per cent), wound infection (12 per cent), pancreatic leakage (8 per cent) and peritonitis (6 per cent). Risk factors associated with postoperative complications were operating time (400 versus 337 min, P < 0.01), blood loss (1338 versus 782 ml, P < 0.01), pancreatic invasion (26 versus 8 per cent, P < 0.05) and raised serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level (5 ng/ml or greater) (36 versus 17 per cent, P < 0.05), independent of patient age, nutritional status, type of gastrectomy, splenectomy or pancreatectomy, extent of lymph node dissection, tumour location, size and stage of disease. Even in Japan, the morbidity of gastrectomy for large gastric cancer is high and associated with operating time, blood loss, pancreatic invasion and serum CEA level.

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Accession: 047275368

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11412261

DOI: 10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01782.x

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