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Roentgen contrast media, source for AOX-contamination of waste water by hospitals

Roentgen contrast media, source for AOX-contamination of waste water by hospitals

Rofo 169(4): 420-423

To identify the sources for the exceeding of the upper limit of the AOX (adsorbable organic halogen, X = Cl, Br, I) in hospital waste-water and to estimate the contribution of hospital waste-water to the AOX of municipal waste-water. For several hospitals with different medical directions, the expected AOX-concentration, as far as it is caused by iodine contrast media, was ascertained by the contrast media consumption and the water consumption. The results were compared with the measured AOX concentrations. The AOX-concentration of hospital waste-water varies between 0.41 mg/l and 0.94 mg/l. As a source of AOX iodine contrast media have been identified and may contribute considerably to the AOX. Hospitals with a radiological department may exceed the upper limit of the AOX which has to be observed in German municipal waste-water.

Accession: 047280685

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PMID: 9819657

DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1015310

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