Role of the inositol phosphatase SHIP in B cell receptor-induced Ca2+ oscillatory response
Okada, H.; Bolland, S.; Hashimoto, A.; Kurosaki, M.; Kabuyama, Y.; Iino, M.; Ravetch, J.V.; Kurosaki, T.
Journal of Immunology 161(10): 5129-5132
Src homology-2 domain-containing inositol polyphosphate 5'-phosphatase (SHIP) is a recently identified protein that has been implicated as an important signaling molecule. Although SHIP has been shown to participate in the FcgammaRIIB-mediated inhibitory signal, the functional role of SHIP in activation responses by immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif-bearing receptors such as B cell receptor (BCR) remains unclear. Indeed, it has been proposed that SHIP serves as a linking molecule for the regulation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway in BCR signaling, because SHIP associates with Shc. We now report that SHIP-deficient DT40 B cells display enhanced Ca2+ mobilization in response to BCR ligation, whereas extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation is unaffected. This Ca2+ enhancement is due to a sustained intracellular Ca2+ increase or to long-lasting Ca2+ oscillations by loss of SHIP, as revealed by single-cell Ca2+ imaging analysis. These results demonstrate the importance of SHIP in B cell activation by the modulation of Ca2+ mobilization.