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Selective intra-lysosomal concentration of niobium in kidney and bone marrow cells: a microanalytical study



Selective intra-lysosomal concentration of niobium in kidney and bone marrow cells: a microanalytical study



Biometals 6(1): 17-23



Niobium is used as an alloy in the industrial and biomedical fields. The concentration of the toxic element in organs of a number of animal species has been defined by using radioactive niobium (95Nb). However, tissue lesions induced by niobium have only been studied at the light microscopy level. In this study, we used an electron probe X-ray analyzer equipped with a transmission electron microscope to define the localization of this element in kidney and bone marrow cells. Results demonstrated that niobium is located in the lysosome and that this element coprecipitates with phosphate. In kidney, lysosomes and precipitates are eliminated in the tubular lumen. In contrast, precipitates appear to be eliminated more slowly from the lysosomes of bone marrow macrophages. These processes therefore correspond to one of the mechanisms by which lysosomes eliminate certain toxic mineral elements and thus play a role in the more general process of the body's defenses.

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Accession: 047327733

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8471821

DOI: 10.1007/bf00154228


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