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Sentence comprehension deficits in Alzheimer's disease: a comparison of off-line vs. on-line sentence processing

Sentence comprehension deficits in Alzheimer's disease: a comparison of off-line vs. on-line sentence processing

Brain and Language 64(3): 297-316

ISSN/ISBN: 0093-934X

PMID: 9743544

DOI: 10.1006/brln.1998.1980

Two studies explored whether sentence comprehension impairments in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are due to deficits in syntactic processing or memory. Study 1 used a picture-pointing sentence comprehension task to measure the final outcome of comprehension in an off-line fashion. It showed the comprehension of 30 patients with AD to be impaired, but suggested that the deficits could not be attributed solely to syntactic impairments. Study 2 investigated the effects of memory on sentence comprehension by comparing off-line (grammaticality judgment) with on-line (cross-modal naming) language processing in 11 AD and 9 control subjects. The results revealed impaired performance in the off-line task but normal performance in the on-line task using the same sentences. Performance on the off-line task correlated with independent measures of verbal working memory. These data are used to argue that sentence comprehension impairments are related to verbal working memory deficits in AD.

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Accession: 047336963

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