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Synthesis, characterization, and polymerization activity of [bis(4,4'-bis(neophyldimethylsilylmethyl)-2,2'-bipyridyl)copper(I)]+CuBr2- and Implications for copper(I) catalyst structures in atom transfer radical polymerization

Synthesis, characterization, and polymerization activity of [bis(4,4'-bis(neophyldimethylsilylmethyl)-2,2'-bipyridyl)copper(I)]+CuBr2- and Implications for copper(I) catalyst structures in atom transfer radical polymerization

Inorganic Chemistry 39(8): 1628-1634

A series of 4,4'-disilyl-substituted-2,2'-bipyridine ligands were prepared using a metathesis reaction of the dianion of 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine with several trialkylsilyl chlorides: 4,4'bis(tert-butyldimethylsilylmethyl)-2,2'-bipyridine (dTBDMSbipy), 4,4'-bis(dimethylthexylsilylmethyl)-2,2'-bipyridine (dTHEXbipy), and 4,4'-bis(neophyldimethylsilylmethyl)-2-2'-bipyridine (dNEObipy). It was observed that the side chain length correlated with the ability of the ligand to form hydrocarbon soluble complexes of copper(I) bromide, with dNEObipy forming the most soluble and easily crystallized complexes. The atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene using dNEObipy as the ligand displayed molecular weight control equivalent to other ATRP systems in which solubilizing ligands, such as 4,4'-di-5-nonyl-2,2'-bipyridine or 4,4'-di-n-heptyl-2,2'-bipyridine, were used. The one-to-one complex of dNEObipy with CuBr was prepared and its crystal structure was determined. The resulting complex had the ionic formulation [(dNEObipy)2Cu]+[CuBr2]- and displayed similar activities in styrene ATRP as the standard 2 dNEObipy/CuBr catalyst system. These and other polymerization results in addition to NMR experiments suggest that the predominant copper(I) species formed in ATRP solutions is the 2-to-1 ligand-to-copper(I) cation, [(dNEObipy)2Cu]+, with either a dihalocuprate or halide counteranion, depending upon the conditions.

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Accession: 047517024

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PMID: 12526546

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