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Th2-dependent B cell responses in the absence of CD40-CD40 ligand interactions



Th2-dependent B cell responses in the absence of CD40-CD40 ligand interactions



Journal of Immunology 164(1): 248-255



CD40 is thought to play a central role in T cell-dependent humoral responses through two distinct mechanisms. CD4+ T helper cells are activated via CD40-dependent Ag presentation in which CD80/CD86 provides costimulation through CD28. In addition, engagement of CD40 on B cells provides a direct pathway for activation of humoral responses. We used a model of adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of beta-galactosidase (lacZ) into murine lung to evaluate the specific CD40-dependent pathways required for humoral immunity at mucosal surfaces of the lung. Animals deficient in CD40L failed to develop T and B cell responses to vector. Activation of Th2 cells, which normally requires CD40-dependent stimulation of APCs, was selectively reconstituted in CD40 ligand-deficient mice by systemic administration of an Ab that is agonistic to CD28. Surprisingly, this resulted in the development of a functional humoral response to vector as evidenced by formation of germinal centers and production of antiadenovirus IgG1 and IgA that neutralized and prevented effective readministration of vector. The CD28-dependent B cell response required CD4+ T cells and was mediated via IL-4. These studies indicate that CD40 signals to the B cells are not necessary for CD4+ Th2 cell-dependent humoral responses to be generated.

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Accession: 047547869

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PMID: 10605018


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