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The Yelandur study: a community-based approach to epilepsy in rural South India--epidemiological aspects

The Yelandur study: a community-based approach to epilepsy in rural South India--epidemiological aspects

Seizure 7(4): 281-288

Data on the epidemiology of epilepsy in a rural community in a developing country would be of value in planning a decentralized management of this malady in its early stages commensurate with available local resources. A detailed screening instrument covering various seizure types was used by trained paramedical workers in a door-to-door survey of a population of 64,963 in rural South India. The prevalence period was from 1 April 1990 to 31 March 1991. The crude prevalence rate per 1000 for active epilepsy was 4.38 for males, 3.40 for females and 3.91 for both. The minimum and maximum prevalence rates, the latter computed from a validation sample, were 3.91 and 4.63 for active epilepsy; 0.28 and 0.77 for inactive epilepsy and 4.19 and 5.41 for life-time prevalence. In addition, corresponding figures for hot-water epilepsy, a type of reflex epilepsy peculiar to this area, were 2.49 and 2.99 for active phase; 0.35 and 0.85 for inactive phase and 2.85 and 3.83 for life-time prevalence. The incidence rate for epilepsy was 49.3 per 100,000, the same as in developed countries. These data do not support the concept that the prevalence of epilepsy in developing countries is twice that in the developed world. However, the role of local/regional variations should be borne in mind before extrapolating the figures to an entire country.

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Accession: 047574591

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PMID: 9733402

DOI: 10.1016/s1059-1311(98)80019-8

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