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The cost-effectiveness of the cytology laboratory and new cytology technologies in cervical cancer prevention



The cost-effectiveness of the cytology laboratory and new cytology technologies in cervical cancer prevention



American Journal of Clinical Pathology 111(2): 259-266



The effect of changes in cytology laboratory costs, including the costs of new technologies, on the cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer prevention has not been studied. Using University of Iowa laboratory detection rates and costs, a decision model determined the cost-effectiveness of the laboratory with and without new technologies. Compared with not performing a cervicovaginal smear, the cost to increase the discounted life expectancy per patient by 1 year was $2,805 for the laboratory component alone and $19,655 for the entire cervical cancer prevention strategy. In moderate- to high-risk women, cervical cancer screening was cost-effective even at high cytology laboratory costs (eg, $75 per smear). New technologies were cost-effective only if they resulted in a substantial increase in the detection of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (eg, an additional 236 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions per 10,000 women). New technologies have not demonstrated these increased detection rates.

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Accession: 047602065

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9930150

DOI: 10.1093/ajcp/111.2.259


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