The human NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase NDUFS5 (15 kDa) subunit: cDNA cloning, chromosomal localization, tissue distribution and the absence of mutations in isolated complex I-deficient patients
Loeffen, J.; Smeets, R.; Smeitink, J.; Triepels, R.; Sengers, R.; Trijbels, F.; van den Heuvel, L.
Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 22(1): 19-28
We have cloned the cDNA of the NDUFS5 subunit (15 kDa) of the human mitochondrial respiratory chain complex NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I). The open reading frame consists of 321 base-pairs, coding for 106 amino acids, with a calculated molecular mass of 12.5 kDa. There is an 81.0% identity with the bovine equivalent on cDNA level and 74.5% identity on amino acid basis. PCR analysis of rodent-human somatic cell hybrids revealed that the human NDUFS5 gene maps to chromosome 1. The NDUFS5 mRNA is expressed ubiquitously in human tissues, with a relative higher expression in human heart, skeletal muscle, liver, kidney and fetal heart. A mutation detection study of twenty isolated enzymatic complex I-deficient patients revealed no mutations, nor polymorphisms.