The management of renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena-caval involvement
Burt, J.D.; Bowsher, W.G.; Joyce, G.; Peters, J.S.; Wood, A.; White, A.; Costello, A.
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery 63(1): 25-29
ISSN/ISBN: 0004-8682 PMID: 8466455 DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1993.tb00028.x
Seven patients with renal cell carcinoma involving the inferior vena cava underwent surgical resection between 1975 and 1991. Pre-operative staging defined five patients with stage T3bNoMo disease, one patient with stage T3bN1Mo, and one patient with stage T3bNoM1 disease. At operation one patient had tumour thrombus filling the right atrium. Two patients had tumour thrombus within the intrahepatic vena cava and four infrahepatic tumour thrombus. The mean follow-up is 34.4 months (median 40 months). Four patients have been followed for over 4 years. Three of these patients are survivors, two have remained disease-free since their initial surgery. The other patient had a liver resection at 49 months for a solitary metastases; he is currently disease free. One patient died at 38 months from a gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Three patients are 12 months or less postoperation. Operative mortality was zero. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 14.7 days. Data suggests that 3-10% of renal cell carcinomas will involve the inferior vena cava. The small number of patients in this series suggests that many patients with renal cell carcinoma involving the inferior vena cava are not referred for surgical assessment. These patients are potential surgical candidates. Their survival after surgical resection, excluding the group with extension of tumour thrombus into the hepatic cava or above, is not reduced when compared with other patients with renal carcinoma.