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The relationship between active renin concentration and plasma renin activity in Type 1 diabetes

The relationship between active renin concentration and plasma renin activity in Type 1 diabetes

Diabetic Medicine 18(6): 451-458

Circulating activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) can be assessed by measuring plasma active renin concentration (ARE), as well as by measuring plasma renin activity (PRA). We aimed to assess the relationships between ARE and PRA in Type 1 diabetic compared with non-diabetic control subjects. We also assessed concentrations of the active renin precursor, prorenin. Thirty-five Type 1 diabetic subjects and 34 non-diabetic control subjects were assessed. Groups had similar ages, sex distributions, body mass indices, systolic and diastolic blood pressures. PRA was measured by radioimmunoassay of angiotensin I generation from endogenous substrate. ARE and total renin concentration (TRE) were measured by immunoradiometric assay (Nichols Institute Diagnostics, USA). Prorenin concentration was calculated as the difference between ARE and TRE. PRA was significantly lower in Type 1 diabetic than in control subjects (0.8 (0.4-1.1) vs. 1.1 (0.9-1.9) pmol/ml per h; P < 0.005), while ARE was similar (17 (9-33) vs. 18 (15-25) mU/l; P = 0.548). PRA (loge transformed) correlated strongly with ARE in diabetic (r = 0.49; P = 0.003) and control subjects (r = 0.59; P = 0.0002), but there was significant vertical separation of the regression lines for the two groups (P < 0.0001). Prorenin concentrations were significantly higher in Type 1 diabetic subjects (249 (170-339) vs. 171 (153-219) mU/l; P = 0.005). Diabetic subjects with high prorenin concentrations (> 400 mU/l (control mean + 3 SD)) were more likely to have microalbuminuria (P = 0.027) and peripheral neuropathy (P = 0.049). Type 1 diabetes is associated with an altered relationship between ARE and PRA, such that ARE is higher for a given PRA compared with non-diabetic control subjects. Both ARE and PRA are used to assess circulating RAAS activity. The altered relationship between the two in Type 1 diabetic subjects suggests that neither parameter alone is necessarily an adequate and reliable index of such activity. Higher prorenin concentrations, particularly in association with microvascular complications, were confirmed in the Type 1 diabetic subjects. Diabet. Med. 18, 451-458 (2001)

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Accession: 047715026

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PMID: 11472463

DOI: 10.1046/j.1464-5491.2001.00489.x

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