+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

The relative influence of smoking on drinking and drinking on smoking among high school students in a rural tobacco-growing county

The relative influence of smoking on drinking and drinking on smoking among high school students in a rural tobacco-growing county

Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine 29(6): 386-394

ISSN/ISBN: 1054-139X

PMID: 11728888

DOI: 10.1016/s1054-139x(01)00260-9

To construct and estimate a model that contains a reciprocal relationship between smoking and drinking and to test whether the gateway drug thesis or the cumulative risk behaviors thesis best fits the data. Data (n = 630) are from a survey of all students (50% female; aged 16.2 years on average; 2.4 grade point average; and 57% residing in homes with both mother and father present) in a rural, tobacco-growing county's two high schools, one public (85%) and one private, in 1993. The survey was conducted by the schools as part of their alcohol and other drugs (AOD) prevention programs and was coordinated by the county AOD Council. Students completed the questionnaires in their homerooms. Endogenous predictors of drinking and smoking include student's perception of adult drug behavior, peer pressure to drink, degree to which their friends' drink, and attitudes toward drinking and smoking. Path coefficients were estimated by using LISREL. The strong correlation between smoking and drinking resulted from shared causes, rather than from the effects of one type of drug use on the other. Approval of drinking had the strongest association with being a drinker (beta =.57) and with being a smoker (beta =.37). Those who found smoking offensive were less likely to be a smoker (beta = -.25). However, attitude toward smoking was not associated with being a drinker. Having drinking friends increased both the likelihood of being a drinker (beta =.29) and of being a smoker (beta =.23). Peer pressure to drink increased the likelihood of being a smoker (beta =.14) and of being a drinker (beta =.12). Students with lower grade point averages, males, older students, students in public school, and students with family structures other than both parents living in the same household were more likely to be a drinker and were more likely to be a smoker. Our results support the cumulative risk behaviors thesis. The link between both high-risk behaviors, smoking and drinking, results from common causes rather than from drinking leading to smoking.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 047717611

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

A study of factors that influence Internet addiction, smoking, and drinking in high school students. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi 37(6): 872-882, 2007

Predictors of hazardous drinking, tobacco smoking and physical inactivity in vocational school students. Bmc Public Health 13: 475, 2013

Brief intervention for smoking, problem drinking and drug abuse by high school students. Nihon Arukoru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi 38(6): 475-482, 2003

Drinking-smoking status and health risk behaviors among high school students in Thailand. Journal of Drug Education 42(2): 177-193, 2012

Smoking and drinking behavior, knowledge, and attitudes among urban and rural public-school students in Efate Island, Vanuatu: a comparative study. Archives of Public Health 80(1): 170, 2022

Motives for smoking and drinking: country and gender differences in samples of Hungarian and US high school students. Addictive Behaviors 32(10): 2087-2098, 2007

Smoking, drinking, and drug use among American high school students: correlates and trends, 1975-1979. American Journal of Public Health 71(1): 59-69, 1981

Association of age at onset of cigarette and alcohol use with subsequent smoking and drinking patterns among Japanese high school students. Journal of School Health 73(6): 226-231, 2003

Effects of smoking, drinking, exercise on body composition, nutrient intakes and serum lipids in male high school students. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 9(1): 19-28, 2004

Lifetime prevalence of alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, and solvent inhalation among junior high school students in Japan: tradition and urbanization. Nihon Arukoru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi 36(2): 124-141, 2001

Relative effects of low socio-economic status, parental smoking and poor scholastic performance on smoking among high school students. Social Science and Medicine 9(1): 27-30, 1975

The impacts of a school-wide no smoking strategy and classroom-based smoking prevention curriculum on the smoking behavior of junior high school students. Addictive Behaviors 32(10): 2099-2107, 2007

Effect of the school environment on the smoking and drinking behavior of students. Sozial- und Praventivmedizin 23(4): 263, 1978

Proportion of alcohol drinking of high school students and the effects of social environment on drinking an epidemiological research on high school students. Istanbul Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Mecmuasi 50(3): 451-462, 1987

Drinking/smoking habits and knowledge regarding heavy drinking/ smoking as a risk factor of stroke among Japanese general population. Nihon Arukoru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi 45(5): 411-419, 2010