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Three novel mutations of thyroid hormone receptor beta gene in unrelated patients with resistance to thyroid hormone: two mutations of the same codon (H435L and H435Q) produce separate subtypes of resistance



Three novel mutations of thyroid hormone receptor beta gene in unrelated patients with resistance to thyroid hormone: two mutations of the same codon (H435L and H435Q) produce separate subtypes of resistance



Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 80(12): 3613-3616



We report three novel mutations of the thyroid hormone receptor beta (TR beta) gene in three unrelated Japanese patients with resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH). Patients A and B exhibited generalized resistance phenotype, while patient C displayed more pituitary-selective unresponsiveness. Direct sequencing of TR beta gene exon 10 disclosed novel point mutations in all three patients. A Phe to Ile (TTC-->ATC) substitution at codon 451, a His to Leu (CAT-->CTT) substitution at codon 435, and a His to Gln (CAT-->CAA) substitution at codon 435 were identified in patients A, B, and C, respectively. Sequencing of TR beta gene exons 5-9 as well as TR alpha gene exons 4-9 failed to detect any additional mutations. All three patients were heterozygous for respective mutations. The unaffected parents of patients A and B, having normal thyroid function, possessed no mutations of TR beta gene exon 10, indicating that the F451I and H435L mutations occurred de novo. The F451I mutation is located near the most frequent mutation site in the ligand 2 subdomain. The identical codon mutations H435L and H435Q, which lie at the extreme carboxyl-terminus of the dimerization subdomain near the 9th heptad, were found in clinically different subtypes of RTH: patient B with generalized resistance and patient C with pituitary-selective resistance, respectively. The mutations broaden the growing catalogue of the TR beta gene mutations that could cause different phenotypes, despite the defects at the same codon.

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Accession: 047780065

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8530608

DOI: 10.1210/jcem.80.12.8530608


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