Time and reproductive phase-dependent effects of exogenous melatonin on the pineal gland and ovary of a nocturnal bird, the Indian spotted owlet, Athene brama

Guchhait, P.; Haldar, C.

Folia Biologica 48(3-4): 91-96


ISSN/ISBN: 0015-5497
PMID: 11291546
Accession: 047788168

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In a tropical nocturnal bird, the Indian spotted owlet, Athene brama, the intraperitonial injection of an identical amount (20 mg/100 g b. wt/day) of exogenous melatonin (MEL) for 15 consecutive days increased the pineal weight and plasma MEL level in sexually active birds while it decreased them in inactive birds more potently when injected in the evening (18.30-19.30 h) rather than the morning (0500-0600 h). On the other hand, more efficiently than the morning hour treatment, the evening hour MEL injection decreased the ovary weight and plasma estradiol and progesterone levels both in sexually active and inactive birds, but more potently in active than inactive birds. Thus, the exogenous MEL showed the time and reproductive phase dependent effects on the pineal gland and the ovary of this nocturnal bird.