Transcriptional regulation of cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA by conjugated bile acids in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes
Stravitz, R.T.; Hylemon, P.B.; Heuman, D.M.; Hagey, L.R.; Schteingart, C.D.; Ton-Nu, H.T.; Hofmann, A.F.; Vlahcevic, Z.R.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(19): 13987-13993
The role of bile acids in the regulation of cholesterol 7 alpha-monooxygenase (EC 22.214.171.124) was characterized using primary cultures of rat hepatocytes supplemented with dexamethasone and thyroxine. Taurocholate and taurodeoxycholate (50 microM) repressed cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA to 44 +/- 9 and 52 +/- 4%, respectively, of control values. Repression by these natural, relatively hydrophobic bile acids was concentration dependent, with an IC50 of about 50 microM, and time dependent with a t1/2 for repression of 22 h. In contrast, two natural hydrophilic bile acids, tauroursodeoxycholate and taurohyodeoxycholate, had no effect on cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA levels. Taurochenodeoxycholate and taurolithocholate also had no effect, but these hydrophobic bile acids were rapidly hydroxylated to more hydrophilic bile acids. Hydrophilic bile acid analogues (nor (C23) bile acids and beta-hydroxy epimers) repressed cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA less potently than their corresponding and more hydrophobic C24 or alpha-hydroxy derivatives. Cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase specific activity was decreased by taurocholate or taurodeoxycholate (50 microM) to 26 +/- 9 and 56 +/- 3% of control, respectively; its transcriptional activity was repressed to 52 +/- 5% of control by taurocholate (50 microM). The addition of cholesterol or the induction of cholesterol biosynthesis did not influence repression of cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA levels by taurocholate. Based on several lines of evidence, cAMP was not involved in bile acid-induced repression. In rat hepatocytes cultured under conditions in which cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene expression is maintained at in vivo levels, hydrophobic bile acids repress this enzyme at the level of gene transcription independently of cholesterol availability.