Section 48
Chapter 47,814

Transcriptional regulation of the type i myosin heavy chain gene in denervated rat soleus

Huey, K.A.; Haddad, F.; Qin, A.X.; Baldwin, K.M.

American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 284(3): C738-C748


ISSN/ISBN: 0363-6143
PMID: 12444021
DOI: 10.1152/ajpcell.00389.2002
Accession: 047813694

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Denervation (DEN) of rat soleus is associated with a decreased expression of slow type I myosin heavy chain (MHC) and an increased expression of the faster MHC isoforms. The molecular mechanisms behind these shifts remain unclear. We first investigated endogenous transcriptional activity of the type I MHC gene in normal and denervated soleus muscles via pre-mRNA analysis. Our results suggest that the type I MHC gene is regulated via transcriptional processes in the denervated soleus. Deletion and mutational analysis of the rat type I MHC promoter was then used to identify cis elements or regions of the promoter involved in this response. DEN significantly decreased in vivo activity of the -3,500, -2,500, -914, -408, -299, and -215 bp type I MHC promoters, relative to the alpha-skeletal actin promoter. In contrast, normalized -171 promoter activity was unchanged. Mutation of the betae3 element (-214/-190) in the -215 promoter and deletion of this element (-171 promoter) blunted type I downregulation with DEN. In contrast, betae3 mutation in the -408 promoters was not effective in attenuating the DEN response, suggesting the existence of additional DEN-responsive sites between -408 and -215. Western blotting and gel mobility supershift assays demonstrated decreased expression and DNA binding of transcription enhancer factor 1 (TEF-1) with DEN, suggesting that this decrease may contribute to type I MHC downregulation in denervated muscle.

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