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Treatment of recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell head and neck carcinoma with a combination of vinorelbine, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil: a multicenter phase II trial



Treatment of recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell head and neck carcinoma with a combination of vinorelbine, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil: a multicenter phase II trial



Annals of Oncology 6(10): 987-991



Vinorelbine has been demonstrated to be active against squamous cell carcinomas of the head/neck (SCHNC) and lung. This multicenter phase II trial was carried out to evaluate the activity and tolerability of the combination of vinorelbine, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil given on an outpatient schedule in a series of 80 patients with recurrent SCHNC. Eighty patients with recurrent and/or metastatic SCHNC were treated with a combination of CDDP 80 mg/m2on day 1, 5-FU 600 mg/m2 as a 4-hour infusion on days 2-5, and vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 on days 2 + 8. This cycle was repeated every 28 days. Most patients had oral cavity, larynx, or oropharynx carcinoma (88%). Forty-seven had previously received surgery alone, two radiotherapy alone, and 31 surgery plus radiotherapy. Seventy-two patients had locoregional recurrency, and eight had distant metastases. According to an intent-to-treat analysis, complete response (CR) of a mean duration of 12.7+ months was achieved in 13% of cases (95% CI 5%-21%), and partial response of 8.3+ months in 45% of patients (95% CI 33%-56%), for an overall response rate of 55% (95% CI 43%-65%). Nine patients (11%) showed no change, and 22 (28%) progressed. Five patients were not evaluable for response and toxicity. CR were seen more frequently in patients pretreated with only surgery than in those who had also received radiotherapy (15% vs. 9%; p = 0.7). No statistically significant differences in response rate according to site of primary tumor were found (p = 0.8, NS). The received dose intensities of 5-FU, CDDP, and VNR were 90%, 92%, and 82%, respectively. The overall survival of the series as a whole was 9.7+ months (range 4-27). Toxicity was generally acceptable. Grades 3 and 4 leukopenia were recorded in 11% and 5% of patients, respectively. Noteworthy was the occurrence of pain at the tumor site after vinorelbine administration in 5 patients. The combination regimen of CDDP, 5-FU and vinorelbine is quite active in the treatment of metastatic and/or recurrent SCHNC. This regimen should be tested as initial treatment in previously untreated patients and compared to a standard regimen in recurrent SCHNC.

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Accession: 047836456

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PMID: 8750150


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