Use of polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis to detect a point mutation in the catalase-peroxidase gene (katG) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Temesgen, Z.; Satoh, K.; Uhl, J.R.; Kline, B.C.; Cockerill, F.R.

Molecular and Cellular Probes 11(1): 59-63

1997


ISSN/ISBN: 0890-8508
PMID: 9076716
DOI: 10.1006/mcpr.1996.0077
Accession: 047898631

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Abstract
We have previously reported that a significant percentage (44%) of isoniazid-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains carry an arginine to leucine mutation in codon 463 (R463L) in the catalase-peroxidase gene (katG). For the current study, we compared the utility of one mutation screening method, polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis, with a reference method, polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), to detect this mutation. The PCR-SSCP method detects mutations by electrophoretic mobility shifts of single-stranded DNA in nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels. The RFLP method detects a loss in an Mspl restriction site which occurs when the R463L is present. Eighty one M. tuberculosis strains, including the wild type strain H37Rv, with isoniazid susceptibility in the range < 0.12 to > 32 micrograms ml-1 were evaluated. The results for the PCR-SSCP method were in complete agreement with the PCR-Mspl RFLP reference method. Of 81 M. tuberculosis strains analysed, 13 showed mobility shifts by the PCR-SSCP method and all of those strains carried the R463L as detected by the PCR-Mspl RFLP method. All of the remaining 54 strains had PCR-SSCP and PCR-Mspl RFLP results identical to the wild type (R463) M. tuberculosis strain, H37Rv. It is concluded that the described PCR-SSCP is a reliable method for screening M. tuberculosis strains for the katG R463L mutation.

Use of polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis to detect a point mutation in the catalase-peroxidase gene (katG) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis