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A novel compound heterozygous mutations in protein C gene causing neonatal purpura fulminans



A novel compound heterozygous mutations in protein C gene causing neonatal purpura fulminans



Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis 29(2): 216-219



: Neonatal purpura fulminans is a rare, life-threatening disease caused by severe congenital deficiency of protein C (PC) because of homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the PROC gene. Mutation analysis plays a critical role in diagnosing the disorder and offering prenatal guidance. In this study, we identified a genetic defect in the PROC gene leading to neonatal purpura fulminans. The propositus had very low PC activity (4%) and PC antigen activity (5%). DNA screening of the whole PROC gene revealed two compound heterozygous mutations in exon8 (c.795_796insA) and exon9 (c.1206_1207insG). These two variations led to the compound heterozygous mutations of Gly266Argfs4 and Pro405Alafs20, which were inherited from the patient's father and mother, respectively. His older sister is heterozygous for the Gly266Argfs4 mutation. The inserted nucleotides alter the protein by introducing a stop codon at the subsequent AA position, resulting in a truncated protein compared with the wild type. We deduced that the compound heterozygous mutations are responsible for the PC deficiency, the Gly266Argfs4 mutation has been confirmed to be a novel mutation.

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Accession: 047987484

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29356699

DOI: 10.1097/MBC.0000000000000687


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