A prospective comparative study between hysterosalpingography and hysteroscopy in the detection of intrauterine pathology in patients with infertility
Preutthipan, S.; Linasmita, V.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 29(1): 33-37
To investigate the accuracy of hysterosalpingography (HSG) in comparison to hysteroscopy in the detection of intrauterine pathology in patients with infertility, where hysteroscopy is the gold standard. A prospective, comparative study included 336 patients undergoing both HSG and diagnostic hysteroscopy. Main outcome measures were sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and accuracy rate of HSG. Intrauterine abnormalities were shown on HSG in 286 patients and confirmed in 200 at hysteroscopy. Contrarily intrauterine lesions were detected by hysteroscopy in 4 out of 50 patients in whom HSG were normal. The most common intrauterine finding of 336 patients on hysteroscopy were intrauterine adhesions (IUA) (74), followed by endometrial polyps (56), and submucous myoma, 26 patients. Statistical analysis revealed that HSG in the detection of intrauterine pathology had a sensitivity of 98.0%, specificity of 34.9%, positive predictive value of 69.9%, negative predictive value of 92.0%, and accuracy rate of 73.2% with false-positive and false-negative rates of 30.1% and 8.0%, respectively. The common incorrect diagnoses of HSG were misdiagnosing a condition of cervical stenosis as severe IUA in 24 patients, endometrial polyps as submucous myoma in 22 out of 50 patients, and submucous myoma as endometrial polyps in 12 out of 72 patients. Hysterosalpingography is still a useful screening test for the evaluation of the uterine cavity. If a hysterogram demonstrates intrauterine abnormalities, hysteroscopy should be considered to make a definite diagnosis and treatment. Both procedures should be complementary to each other.