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A treadmill and overground walking program improves walking in persons residing in the community after stroke: a placebo-controlled, randomized trial



A treadmill and overground walking program improves walking in persons residing in the community after stroke: a placebo-controlled, randomized trial



Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 84(10): 1486-1491



To evaluate the effectiveness of a treadmill and overground walking program in reducing the disability and handicap associated with poor walking performance after stroke. Randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial with a 3-month follow-up. General community. A volunteer sample of 29 ambulatory individuals (less 2 dropouts) who were living in the community after having suffered a stroke more than 6 months previously. The experimental group participated in a 30-minute treadmill and overground walking program, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The control group received a placebo consisting of a low-intensity, home exercise program and regular telephone contact. Walking speed (over 10 m), walking capacity (distance over 6 min), and handicap (stroke-adapted 30-item version of the Sickness Impact Profile) measured by a blinded assessor. The 4-week treadmill and overground walking program significantly increased walking speed (P=.02) and walking capacity (P<.001), but did not decrease handicap (P=.85) compared with the placebo program. These gains were largely maintained 3 months after the cessation of training (P

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Accession: 048131146

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 14586916

DOI: 10.1016/s0003-9993(03)00349-6


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