+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Arm area measurements as indices of nutritional reserves and body water in African newborns



Arm area measurements as indices of nutritional reserves and body water in African newborns



African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 28(1-2): 5-8



Although application of non-invasive techniques for early evaluation of body water, calorie and protein reserves has been available for more than two decades, there is a dearth of information on the evaluation of extracellular water, protein and calorie reserves in the African newborn. A cross-sectional study of arm area measurements was undertaken in 510 term new-born infants consisting of 318 infants who were normal weight term infants (NWTI) with a mean birth weight of 2898.5 +/- 287.7 g and 192 low birth weight term infants (LBWTI) with a mean birth weight of 2176.5 +/- 194.7 g. The triceps skin fold thickness (TSF), the arm fat area (AFA), percentage of arm area (AFA%) and arm water area (AWA) were significantly greater in females than males weighing > 2500 g at birth (P < 0.05), though the mean birth weight and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) were similar (P > 0.05). With the exception of AFA%, all measured and calculated indices were significantly lower in LBWTI than in the NWTI irrespective of sex (P < 0.05). The measurements may aid detection of newborns at risk of developing malnutrition in an area of the world where childhood undernutrition is common.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 048306753

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12953978


Related references

Influence of Parental Body Measurements on Birth Weight of Eutrophic Term Newborns with Special Consideration of Paternal Body Measurements. Zeitschrift für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie 223(2): 85-91, 2019

Regional evaluation of the groundwater reserves of the middle Ob region and exploration of the water reserves of the Ust-Balyk catchment area. Pages 103-104 1970, 1970

Relationship between ultrasound measurements of body fat reserves and body condition score in female donkeys. Veterinary Journal 197(2): 329-334, 2013

Brachial measurements as nutritional indicators in health term newborns. Anales Espanoles de Pediatria 51(5): 525-529, 1999

Static skinfold thickness in African newborns as an index of fetal nutritional assessment. Paediatrics and International Child Health 33(3): 161-164, 2014

Heritability of some body measurements of newborns. Homo 46(2): 174-183, 1996

Body reserves and nutritional needs during laying preparation in barn owls. Journal of Comparative Physiology B Biochemical Systemic and Environmental Physiology 170(3): 253-260, 2000

Body size indices to determine iodine mass with contrast-enhanced multi-detector computed tomography of the upper abdomen: does body surface area outperform total body weight or lean body weight?. European Radiology 23(7): 1855-1861, 2013

Values of somatic traits and of body proportion indices in male and female newborns of Lublin. Studies in Human Ecology 10: 75-82, 1992

Application of species-area curves to African savannah reserves. African Journal of Ecology 212: 123-128, 1983

Echocardiographic measurements of cardiac dimensions correlate better with body length than with body weight or body surface area. Pediatric Cardiology 35(8): 1327-1336, 2014

Studies on variance and relationship among body surface area body weight and linear body measurements of zebu taurus crosses. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 53(11): 1167-1171, 1983

Total body protein measurements by in vivo neutron activation analysis A proposal for monitoring body protein to assess nutritional status and body fitness. Simopoulos, A P , Pavlou, K N World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics; Nutrition and fitness for athletes : 189-190, 1993

Seasonal changes in soft body component indices and energy reserves in the atlantic deep sea scallop placopecten magellanicus. Fishery Bulletin (Washington D C) 79(3): 449-458, 1981

Studies on the nutritional requirements of the elephant elephas maximus 2. prediction of body weight from body measurements. Indian Veterinary Journal 59(3): 227-232, 1982