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Assimilate Unloading from Maize (Zea mays L.) Pedicel Tissues : II. Effects of Chemical Agents on Sugar, Amino Acid, and C-Assimilate Unloading



Assimilate Unloading from Maize (Zea mays L.) Pedicel Tissues : II. Effects of Chemical Agents on Sugar, Amino Acid, and C-Assimilate Unloading



Plant Physiology 85(2): 558-565



Sugar, amino acid, and (14)C-assimilate release from attached maize (Zea mays L.) pedicels was studied following treatment with several chemical inhibitors. In the absence of these agents, sugar release was nearly linear over a 7-hour period. At least 13 amino acids were released with glutamine comprising over 30% of the total. Release was not affected by potassium concentration, 10-minute pretreatments with p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonic acid (PCMBS) or dithiothreitol, and low concentrations of CaCl(2). Three hours or more exposure to PCMBS, dinitrophenol, N-ethylmaleimide, or 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid strongly inhibited (14)C-assimilate, sugar, and amino acid release from the pedicel. These treatments also reduced (14)C-assimilate movement into the kernel bases. It is, therefore, likely that reduced unloading, caused by these relatively long-term exposures to chemical inhibitors, was related to reduced translocation of assimilates into treated kernels. Whether this effect is due to disruption of kernel metabolism and sieve element function or reduced assimilate unloading and subsequent accumulation of unlabeled assimilates within the pedicel tissues cannot be determined at this time.

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Accession: 048322633

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PMID: 16665735

DOI: 10.1104/pp.85.2.558


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