+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Attitudes and behaviors related to smoking habit among elementary and high school students



Attitudes and behaviors related to smoking habit among elementary and high school students



Przeglad Lekarski 61(10): 1156-1160



Survey in Krakow (2001) preceding implementing of the anti-nicotine program in elementary schools and gymnasiums was done in order to determine the frequency of smoking, attitudes towards smoking habit and smokers and the influence of family on developing these attitudes. In this survey questionnaire consisting of 32-41 questions (depending on the school type) on socio-demographic data and attitudes scale was used. Statistical analyses were done using chi2 test to evaluate significant relations between variables and multilevel logistic regression models to establish risk. Obtained results show, that in the recent years the number of pupils initiating smoking is not diminishing (13.8% of gymnasium pupils and 3.0% of elementary school pupils smoke and 19.3% and 8.2% smoked in the past, respectively). In majority pupils' attitude towards smoking was negative (89.2% in elementary schools and 74.5% in gymnasiums). However, attitudes towards smokers were more differentiated. Lack of defined attitude towards smokers presented 62.6% of elementary school pupils and only 32.4% of gymnasium pupils. Although smoking is not approved by majority of pupils, in particular gymnasium pupils are more tolerant towards smokers and more often have positive attitude towards smokers (25.8%) in comparison with their younger colleagues. The fact of lack of determined attitude towards smokers among 42.1% of gymnasium pupils and 30.3% of elementary school pupils is distressing. Odds ratio of lack of determined attitude towards smokers increases when at least one of parents smokes (OR=2.05) and also when older colleagues smoke and peers do not smoke (OR=24.5). It decreases for those, who were characterized by lack of acceptance for smoking (OR=0.172). Obtained results confirm the role of social environment (especially family) in developing of attitudes towards smokers among pupils. They also the presence of pupils together with psychosocial immaturity characteristic for process of development favors ambivalence of judgments and beliefs connected with this habit.

Accession: 048335216

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15794277


Related references

Cigarette smoking among high school students in Brescia: analysis of relations between smoking habit and knowledge, attitudes socioeconomic and behavioral factors. Epidemiologia E Prevenzione 13(47): 43-49, 1991

Smoking related attitudes, motives, and behaviors of male secondary school students in an urban setting of China. Springerplus 5(1): 2021, 2016

Change in junior high school students' AIDS-related knowledge, misconceptions, attitudes, and HIV-preventive behaviors: effects of a school-based intervention. Aids Education and Prevention 7(6): 534-543, 1995

Behaviors of Male and Female Teachers as Related to Behaviors and Attitudes of Elementary School Children. Journal of Genetic Psychology 127(2): 163-170, 1975

Changes in aids related knowledge attitudes and behaviors of high school students in greece. Morisset, R A (Ed ) Ve Conference Internationale Sur Le Sida: Le Defi Scientifique Et Social; V International Conference on Aids: The Scientific And Social Challenge; Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 4-9, 1262p International Development Research Centre: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Illus Paper 905, 1989

Violence-related attitudes and behaviors of high school students--New York City, 1992. Journal of School Health 63(10): 438-440, 1993

Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of elementary school students regarding sun exposure and skin cancer. Pediatric Dermatology 26(5): 529-535, 2009

Injury prevention. Violence-related attitudes and behaviors of high school students, New York City, 1992. Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire 69(8): 56-59, 1994

Gambling behaviors and attitudes in adolescent high-school students: Relationships with problem-gambling severity and smoking status. Journal of Psychiatric Research 65: 131-138, 2015

Lack of sex differences in knowledge of, attitudes about, and behaviors related to substance use in adolescents in a sample of high school students in the Northeastern USA. Psychological Reports 98(3): 798-808, 2006

Attitudes toward school lunch and other school-related factors. I. Differences among elementary and secondary students. School foodservice research reviewer 5(1): 19-23, 1981

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Violence-related attitudes and behaviors of high school students--New York City, 1992. JAMA 270(17): 2032-2033, 1993

The Effect of Living Values: An Educational Program on Behaviors and Attitudes of Elementary Students in a Private School in Lebanon. Early Childhood Education Journal 33(2): 81-90, 2005

The Effect of Conservation Knowledge on Attitudes and Stated Behaviors toward Arthropods of Urban and Suburban Elementary School Students. Anthrozoos A Multidisciplinary Journal of Interactions of People and Animals 31(3): 283-296, 2018

The smoking habit in high school students. Revista Medica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social 34(4): 287-292, 1996