+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Attitudes toward death criteria and organ donation among healthcare personnel and the general public



Attitudes toward death criteria and organ donation among healthcare personnel and the general public



Progress in Transplantation 16(1): 65-73



To examine attitudes toward death criteria and their relation to attitudes and behaviors regarding organ donation. This article reviews empirical studies on the attitudes of healthcare personnel and the general public regarding death criteria and organ donation. The review was restricted to studies that had as a primary focus attitudes toward 1 or more of the following 3 specific criteria for determining death: (1) brain death, the irreversible loss of all functions of the entire brain; (2) higher brain death, the loss of cerebral cortex function alone; and (3) the circulatory-respiratory criteria commonly used in donation after cardiac death. Studies consistently show that the general public and some medical personnel are inadequately familiar with the legal and medical status of brain death; attitudes toward the dead donor rule are strong predictors of willingness to donate organs using controversial criteria; concerns about donation after cardiac death surround the withdrawal of life support more than the actual death criteria used; and concerns about death criteria correlate with less favorable attitudes toward organ donation. Both general and ethical education may serve to guide policy and facilitate family member requests and informed consent dialogues. Furthermore, helping families to understand and accept not only medical and legal criteria for determining death, but also ethical criteria for withdrawing life support may help them be more comfortable with their decisions.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 048335588

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16676677


Related references

Systematic review of attitudes toward donation after cardiac death among healthcare providers and the general public. Critical Care Medicine 41(3): 897-905, 2013

Public Opinion on Organ Donation After Death and Its Influence on Attitudes Toward Organ Donation. Annals of Transplantation 21: 516-524, 2016

Spanish-Latin American multicenter study of attitudes toward organ donation among personnel from hospital healthcare centers. Cirugia Espanola 92(6): 393-403, 2015

Organ donation after cardiac death: a reexamination of healthcare provider attitudes. Critical Care Medicine 35(11): 2666; Author Reply 2666-7, 2007

National evaluation of healthcare provider attitudes toward organ donation after cardiac death. Critical Care Medicine 34(12): 2952-2958, 2006

Does the public support organ donation using higher brain-death criteria?. Journal of Clinical Ethics 14(1-2): 26-36, 2003

Attitudes toward strategies to increase organ donation: views of the general public and health professionals. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 7(12): 1956-1963, 2013

Attitudes about organ and tissue donation among the general public and blood donors in Hong Kong. Progress in Transplantation 11(2): 98-103, 2002

Knowledge of criteria for brain death and attitudes towards organ donation and transplantation of nursing professionals in Tottori Prefecture, Japan. Yonago Acta Medica 47(3): 53-62, 2004

Impact of organ trade on attitudes toward organ donation: knowledge and attitudes toward cadaveric organ donation in north India. Transplantation Proceedings 30(7): 3611-3611, 1998

Multivariate analysis to determine the factors affecting the attitudes toward organ donation of healthcare assistants in Spanish and Mexican healthcare centers. Transplantation Proceedings 44(6): 1479-1481, 2013

Assessing respiratory therapists' awareness of the organ donor referral criteria and attitudes toward organ donation. Progress in Transplantation 23(4): 336-341, 2014

Attitudes toward organ donation among personnel from the University Hospital of Rabat. Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation 27(4): 758-761, 2016

The "spare parts person"? Conceptions of the human body and their implications for public attitudes towards organ donation and organ sale. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4(): 4-4, 2009

Brazilian Healthcare Professionals: A Study of Attitudes Toward Organ Donation. Transplantation Proceedings 48(10): 3241-3244, 2016