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Avian interleukin-12beta (p40): cloning and characterization of the cDNA and gene



Avian interleukin-12beta (p40): cloning and characterization of the cDNA and gene



Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research 23(12): 699-707



We isolated the chicken interleukin-12 (ChIL-12) p40 cDNA from a concanavalin A (ConA)-stimulated spleen cDNA library using the PCR with primers based on a partial 3' EST sequence in a chicken EST library. The cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 315 amino acids (aa), with a predicted mature peptide of 300 aa. ChIL-12 p40 has 46% and 41% amino acid identity with human (HuIL-12) and murine IL-12 (MuIL-12) p40, respectively. We also isolated a partial turkey IL-12 (TuIL-12) p40 cDNA sequence with 95% predicted aa identity with ChIL-12 p40. The structures of the ChIL-12 p40 gene and its promoter were determined by direct sequencing of a chicken BAC identified by hybridization with the cDNA. The gene structures of HuIL-12, MuIL-12, and ChIL-12 p40 all differ. The promoter of the ChIL-12 p40 gene shares some (an ETS consensus sequence, a C/EBP binding site, and a TATA box) but not all (an NF-kappaB binding site and a GA12 site are absent) of the transcription factor binding sites identified in the human and murine promoters. IL-12 p40 mRNA expression was identified in a wide variety of tissues and in B, T, and macrophage cell lines by RT-PCR.

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Accession: 048345632

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PMID: 14769146

DOI: 10.1089/107999003772084815


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