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Blunt injury to mesentery and small bowel: CT evaluation

Blunt injury to mesentery and small bowel: CT evaluation

Radiologic Clinics of North America 41(6): 1171-1182

Helical CT now allows rapid acquisition of sections through the abdomen and pelvis with optimal vascular opacification and minimal motion artifact. Oral contrast may aid in the identification of subtle bowel and mesenteric injuries and does not have any significant deleterious effects. CT findings of extraluminal enteric contrast, active hemorrhage, or free intraperitoneal-retroperitoneal air allow accurate diagnosis of SBMI in the setting of blunt abdominal trauma. Mesenteric hematoma in association with bowel wall thickening or the presence of significant amounts of free fluid without solid organ injury is highly suspicious for SBMI requiring laparotomy. CT alone or in concert with DPL and physical examination is a valuable tool in the timely diagnosis and treatment of bowel and mesenteric injury caused by blunt trauma.

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Accession: 048398591

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PMID: 14661664

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