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Bradyrhizobium japonicum-Environment Interactions: Nodulation and Interstrain Competition in Soils along an Elevational Transect

Bradyrhizobium japonicum-Environment Interactions: Nodulation and Interstrain Competition in Soils along an Elevational Transect

Applied and Environmental Microbiology 53(5): 1113-1117

The effects of temperature and soil type on interstrain competition of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and on nodulation and nitrogen accumulation in five soybean varieties belonging to four maturity groups were investigated at three sites devoid of soybean rhizobia along an elevational transect in Hawaii. Competition patterns of the three B. japonicum strains were unaffected by soil type or soil temperature. Strain USDA 110 was the best competitor, occupying on the average 81 and 64% of the nodules in the field and greenhouse experiments, respectively. Strain USDA 138 was the least successful in the field (4%), although it formed 34% of the nodules in the greenhouse. Nodule occupancy by B. japonicum strains was found to be related to soybean maturity group. Strain USDA 110 formed 61, 71, 88, 88, and 98% of the nodules in the field on Clay (00), Clark (IV), D68-0099 (VI), N77-4262 (VI), and Hardee (VIII), respectively. Strain USDA 136b formed few nodules on Hardee, an Rj2 soybean variety incompatible with that strain, in both experiments. Nodule number and weight at the 1,050-m site were reduced to 41 and 27%, respectively, of those at the 320-m site because of the decrease in temperature. Nodule number increased with increasing maturity group number at each site; however, there was not a corresponding increase in nodule weight. Nitrogen accumulation decreased from 246 mg of N per plant at the lowest elevation site to 26 mg of N per plant at the highest elevation. While soil type and temperature had no effect on strain competition, temperature had a profound influence on nodule parameters and plant growth.

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Accession: 048405132

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PMID: 16347338

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