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Changes in mandibular incisor position in Class II Division 1 malocclusion treated with premolar extractions



Changes in mandibular incisor position in Class II Division 1 malocclusion treated with premolar extractions



American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 124(6): 708-713



The aim of this study was to investigate the magnitude of mandibular incisor retraction to be expected during full fixed appliance mechanotherapy in Class II Division 1 malocclusions treated with premolar extractions when mandibular incisor retraction was not part of the treatment plan. The material consisted of pretreatment and posttreatment cephalometric films and dental casts of 70 Class II Division 1 malocclusion patients (33 males and 37 females) treated with the preadjusted edgewise appliances. The mandibular first premolars were extracted in 31 subjects, and the mandibular second premolars were extracted in 39. The pretreatment factors that suggested a basis for the extraction choice in the mandibular arch in these patients were found to include the ratio between posterior and anterior facial heights, the maxillary-mandibular plane angle, and the residual space in the mandibular arch. The mandibular incisors were retracted in only 65% of the patients. On average, the mandibular incisors were retracted by 1.02 mm relative to the nasion-pogonion line; there was no significant difference between the 2 extraction groups. Multiple regression analysis showed that the change in the mandibular incisor position is significantly correlated with the residual space in the mandibular arch, the initial distance between the mandibular incisor and the nasion-pogonion line, maxillary-mandibular angle, and the duration of crown labial torque in the mandibular incisors. In combination, these 4 factors could explain 61% of the change in the mandibular incisor position.

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Accession: 048486883

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PMID: 14666086


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