+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Changing help-seeking rates for intimate partner violence in Canada

Changing help-seeking rates for intimate partner violence in Canada

Women and Health 41(1): 1-19

The adverse physical and psychological sequelae of intimate partner violence (IPV) are well documented, as are government initiatives in Canada since the early 1990s to address the problem through public awareness campaigns and service enhancement programs. While these initiatives have been designed to encourage abused women to come forward, there has been little research examining changes over time in help-seeking rates among this group. To fill this void, we compared data from two large Canadian population-based, cross-sectional telephone surveys: the 1993 Violence Against Women Survey (1993-VAWS) and the 1999 General Social Survey (1999-GSS). Among women who reported physical and/or sexual violence by a current or previous partner, we examined differences in rates of disclosure of abuse, help-seeking by type of service, and barriers to service use. Abused women in the 1999-GSS were significantly more likely than those in the 1993-VAWS to have reported disclosing a violent incident(s) to a family member (66.4% v. 43.9%), friend or neighbor (67.4% v. 45.4%), doctor or nurse (31.9% v. 23.0%), and/or minister, priest, or cleric (11.5% v. 7.3%). The 1999-GSS cohort was also more likely to have presented to a shelter or transition house (11.0% v. 7.8%), a crisis center (17.3% v. 4.2%), a counselor or psychologist (39.1% v. 14.7%), a women's center (11.2% v. 3.4%), and/or a community or family center (15.4% v. 4.7%). Among those women who did not seek help, fewer in the 1999-GSS reported that they did not know of any services (6.4% v. 17.0%), or that services were not available (0.8% v. 14.5%). Although we found a demonstrable increase in the numbers of abused women seeking help, overall, rates of service utilization were still low as late as 1999, highlighting the importance of continued government commitment to funding IPV initiatives.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 048491911

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16048865

DOI: 10.1300/j013v41n01_01

Related references

Rural Australian women's legal help seeking for intimate partner violence: women intimate partner violence victim survivors' perceptions of criminal justice support services. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 28(4): 685-717, 2013

Help-seeking rates for intimate partner violence (IPV) among Canadian immigrant women. Health Care for Women International 27(8): 682-694, 2006

Help-seeking behavior for intimate partner violence among racial minority women in Canada. Women's Health Issues 19(2): 101-108, 2009

Formal and informal help-seeking associated with women's and men's experiences of intimate partner violence in Canada. Social Science and Medicine 70(7): 1011-1018, 2010

The Link Between Community-Based Violence and Intimate Partner Violence: the Effect of Crime and Male Aggression on Intimate Partner Violence Against Women. Prevention Science 16(6): 881-889, 2015

Help-seeking behaviors and reasons for help seeking reported by a representative sample of women victims of intimate partner violence in New Zealand. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 25(5): 929-951, 2010

Correlates of Duration of Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Seeking Services at a Domestic Violence Support Center. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2016:, 2016

Intimate partner violence and the relation between help-seeking behavior and the severity and frequency of physical violence among women in Turkey. Violence Against Women 19(9): 1151-1174, 2013

Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization--national intimate partner and sexual violence survey, United States, 2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries 63(8): 1-18, 2014

Education, Perception Factors, and Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence: Empirical Research on Chinese University Students' Perceptions and Attitudes Concerning Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 34(8): 1611-1632, 2019

Improving coordinated responses for victims of intimate partner violence: law enforcement compliance with state-mandated intimate partner violence documentation. Violence Against Women 21(7): 897-907, 2015

Prevalence of intimate partner violence among migrant and native women attending general practice and the association between intimate partner violence and depression. Family Practice 28(3): 267-271, 2011

Do responses to an intimate partner violence screen predict scores on a comprehensive measure of intimate partner violence in low-income black women?. Annals of Emergency Medicine 42(4): 483-491, 2003

The effect of a community-based intimate-partner violence advocacy program in the emergency department on identification rate of intimate-partner violence. Missouri Medicine 96(7): 242-244, 1999

Mandatory reporting in the context of home visitation programs: intimate partner violence and children's exposure to intimate partner violence. Violence Against Women 18(5): 595-610, 2012