Clinical outcome of HIV-infected patients with sustained virologic response to antiretroviral therapy: long-term follow-up of a multicenter cohort

Gutierrez, F.él.; Padilla, S.; Masiá, M.; Iribarren, J.é A.; Moreno, S.; Viciana, P.; Muñoz, L.; Gómez Sirvent, J.é L.; Vidal, F.; López-Aldeguer, J.é; Blanco, J.é R.; Leal, M.; Rodríguez-Arenas, M.ía.A.; Perez Hoyos, S.; del Amo, J.; Castila, J.ús.; Antonio Iribarren, J.é; Moreno, S.ía.; Pérez-Hoyos, S.ía.; Rodríguez Arenas, M.A.; Arrizabalaga, J.; Aramburu, M.J.; Camino, X.; Rodriguez-Arrondo, F.; von Wichmann, M.A.; Pérez-Elias, M.J.ús.; Casado Osorio, J.L.; Moreno Zamora,

Plos one 1: E89


ISSN/ISBN: 1932-6203
PMID: 17183720
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000089
Accession: 048552023

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Limited information exists on long-term prognosis of patients with sustained virologic response to antiretroviral therapy. We aimed to assess predictors of unfavorable clinical outcome in patients who maintain viral suppression with HAART. Using data collected from ten clinic-based cohorts in Spain, we selected all antiretroviral-naive adults who initiated HAART and maintained plasma HIV-1 RNA levels <500 copies/mL throughout follow-up. Factors associated with disease progression were determined by Cox proportional-hazards models. Of 2,613 patients who started HAART, 757 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. 61% of them initiated a protease inhibitor-based HAART regimen, 29.7% a nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor-based regimen, and 7.8% a triple-nucleoside regimen. During 2,556 person-years of follow-up, 22 (2.9%) patients died (mortality rate 0.86 per 100 person-years), and 40 (5.3%) died or developed a new AIDS-defining event. The most common causes of death were neoplasias and liver failure. Mortality was independently associated with a CD4-T cell response <50 cells/L after 12 months of HAART (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 4.26 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.68-10.83]; P = .002), and age at initiation of HAART (AHR, 1.06 per year; 95% CI, 1.02-1.09; P = .001). Initial antiretroviral regimen chosen was not associated with different risk of clinical progression. Patients with sustained virologic response on HAART have a low mortality rate over time. Long-term outcome of these patients is driven by immunologic response at the end of the first year of therapy and age at the time of HAART initiation, but not by the initial antiretroviral regimen selected.