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Cloning and Expression of an Insecticidal k-73 Type Crystal Protein Gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki into Escherichia coli


Cloning and Expression of an Insecticidal k-73 Type Crystal Protein Gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki into Escherichia coli



Applied and Environmental Microbiology 50(3): 623-628



ISSN/ISBN: 0099-2240

PMID: 16346882

A 75-kilobase plasmid from Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (HD-244) was associated with the k-73 type insecticidal crystal protein production by mating into B. cereus and subsequent curing of excess plasmids. This plasmid was partially digested with endonuclease R . Sau3A and the fragments were cloned into Escherichia coli (HB101) on vector pBR322. Candidate clones were screened for plasmid vectors which contained the expected insert size (at least 3 kilobases) and then with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, using antisera prepared against electrophoretically purified, solubilized insecticidal crystal protein of 130,000 daltons. Several positive clones were isolated and were analyzed for expression, toxicity, and genetic content by restriction enzyme analysis. Electrophoretic transfer blots of proteins from a candidate E. coli clone, analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, demonstrated a predominant cross-reacting protein of about 140,000 daltons. Ouchterlony analysis also showed a single precipitin band. Extensive bioassays with Manduca sexta larvae revealed that the E. coli clones make toxin with a specific activity (50% lethal dose per microgram of cross-reacting protein) equivalent to that of the parental B. thuringiensis strain or a B. cereus trancipient carrying the toxin-encoding, 75-kilobase plasmid.

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Accession: 048564275

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