+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Compact quadruple therapy with the lamivudine/zidovudine combination tablet plus abacavir and efavirenz, followed by the lamivudine/zidovudine/abacavir triple nucleoside tablet plus efavirenz in treatment-naïve HIV-infected adults

Compact quadruple therapy with the lamivudine/zidovudine combination tablet plus abacavir and efavirenz, followed by the lamivudine/zidovudine/abacavir triple nucleoside tablet plus efavirenz in treatment-naïve HIV-infected adults

HIV Clinical Trials 4(4): 231-243

To assess efficacy, safety, and adherence with compact quadruple therapy comprising one lamivudine 150-mg/zidovudine 300-mg tablet (COM) twice daily + one abacavir (ABC) 300-mg tablet twice daily + three efavirenz (EFV) 200-mg capsules at bedtime for 24 weeks, followed by one lamivudine 150-mg/zidovudine 300-mg/ABC 300-mg triple nucleoside tablet (TZV) twice daily + three EFV 200-mg capsules at bedtime for 24 weeks. A pilot 48-week, prospective, open-label trial in which 38 antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected adults (baseline median HIV-1 RNA 5.1 log(10) copies/mL, CD4+ cell count 285/microL) received the above treatment and were monitored regularly with respect to plasma HIV-1 RNA levels, CD4+ cell counts, T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs), adherence, and adverse events. At Week 48, intent-to-treat, switch-included analysis showed plasma HIV-1 RNA levels <400 copies/mL in 100% (29/29) of patients and <50 copies/mL in 93% (27/29); 59% of patients who achieved <50 copies/mL had <3 copies/mL (16/27). Similar virologic suppression was observed in patients with baseline HIV-1 RNA above or below 100000 copies/mL. HIV-1 RNA and CD4+ cell counts changed from baseline by a median of -3.4 log(10) copies/mL and +172 cells/microL, respectively. One virologic failure occurred at Week 16. Median TRECs/100000 peripheral blood lymphocytes increased 6-fold between baseline and Week 48. Median adherence rates were consistently 100% by self-report and 94% by pill count. Grade 2-4 treatment-related adverse events included dreams (16%), nausea (13%), decreased white cells (8%), dizziness (8%), sleep disorders (8%), and malaise and fatigue (8%). A suspected ABC hypersensitivity reaction occurred in 8% (3/38) of patients. COM/ABC/EFV or TZV/EFV produced potent, durable virologic suppression and immunologic benefits, was associated with high adherence rates, and was generally well tolerated.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 048590691

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12916008

DOI: 10.1310/mm9w-bau0-bt6q-401b

Related references

A comparison of the steady-state pharmacokinetics and safety of abacavir, lamivudine, and zidovudine taken as a triple combination tablet and as abacavir plus a lamivudine-zidovudine double combination tablet by HIV-1-infected adults. PharmacoTherapy 21(4): 424-430, 2001

Induction with abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine plus efavirenz for 48 weeks followed by 48-week maintenance with abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine alone in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected patients. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 39(3): 257-264, 2005

Triple nucleoside treatment with abacavir plus the lamivudine/zidovudine combination tablet (COM) compared to indinavir/COM in antiretroviral therapy-naïve adults: results of a 48-week open-label, equivalence trial (CNA3014). Current Medical Research and Opinion 20(7): 1103-1114, 2004

Triple nucleoside combination zidovudine/lamivudine/abacavir versus zidovudine/lamivudine/nelfinavir as first-line therapy in HIV-1-infected adults: a randomized trial. Antiviral Therapy 8(2): 163-171, 2003

Abacavir versus zidovudine combined with lamivudine and efavirenz, for the treatment of antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected adults. Clinical Infectious Diseases 39(7): 1038-1046, 2004

A Randomized, Double-Blind Study of Triple Nucleoside Therapy of Abacavir, Lamivudine, and Zidovudine Versus Lamivudine and Zidovudine in Previously Treated Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Children. Pediatrics 107(1): E4-E4, 2001

Lamivudine/zidovudine/abacavir: triple combination tablet. Drugs 63(11): 1089-98; Discussion 1099-1100, 2003

Abacavir-lamivudine-zidovudine vs indinavir-lamivudine-zidovudine in antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected adults: A randomized equivalence trial. JAMA 285(9): 1155-1163, 2001

Evolution of antiretroviral phenotypic and genotypic drug resistance in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected children treated with abacavir/lamivudine, zidovudine/lamivudine or abacavir/zidovudine, with or without nelfinavir (the PENTA 5 trial). Antiviral Therapy 7(4): 293-303, 2002

A randomized, double-blind study of triple nucleoside therapy of abacavir, lamivudine, and zidovudine versus lamivudine and zidovudine in previously treated human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected children. The CNAA3006 Study Team. Pediatrics 107(1): E4, 2001

Quadruple nucleoside therapy with zidovudine, lamivudine, abacavir and tenofovir in the treatment of HIV. Antiviral Therapy 12(5): 695-703, 2007

Pilot study of once-daily simplification therapy with abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine and efavirenz for treatment of HIV-1 infection. HIV Clinical Trials 7(5): 229-236, 2006

Efavirenz plus zidovudine and lamivudine, efavirenz plus indinavir, and indinavir plus zidovudine and lamivudine in the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults. Study 006 Team. New England Journal of Medicine 341(25): 1865-1873, 1999

Effectiveness and safety of didanosine, lamivudine and efavirenz versus zidovudine, lamivudine and efavirenz for the initial treatment of HIV-infected patients from the Spanish VACH cohort. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 63(1): 189-196, 2009

Nevirapine/zidovudine/lamivudine has superior immunological and virological responses not reflected in clinical outcomes in a 48-week randomized comparison with abacavir/zidovudine/lamivudine in HIV-infected Ugandan adults with low CD4 cell counts. HIV Medicine 11(5): 334-344, 2010