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Cow milk-specific humoral and cellular immune response in infants with high risk of atopy under feeding a whey hydrolysate infant formula


Cow milk-specific humoral and cellular immune response in infants with high risk of atopy under feeding a whey hydrolysate infant formula



Klinische Padiatrie 215(5): 275-279



ISSN/ISBN: 0300-8630

PMID: 14520590

DOI: 10.1055/s-2003-42664

Hypoallergenic infant formulas (HAF) were developed for atopy prevention in infants with high risk of atopy if these cannot be breastfed. HAF mount an antigen-specific immune response in infants. The aim of the study was to analyse the immune response in infants fed with a new infant formula based on a whey hydrolysate (HAF) and to compare it with that of exclusively breastfed controls. Plasma concentrations of cow milk-specific IgE were analysed in 94 infants with high risk of atopy, 44 were exclusively breastfed, 50 were fed with HAF. In addition, cow milk-specific IgG antibodies (26 breastfed, 30 fed with HAF) as well as proliferation of periph-eral blood mononuclear cells to bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) (41 breastfed, 47 fed with HAF) were tested. Specific IgE and IgG antibodies were determined using enzymoimmunometric assay (Alastat). Cellular proliferation was measured using tritiated thymidine incorporation assay after 6 day stimulation with BLG. Elevated IgE to cow milk antibodies (> 0.35 kU/L) were detected in two infants from the breastfed group and in one from the HAF-fed group. The plasma concentrations of milk specific IgG antibodies in HAF-fed infants were insignificantly higher than those in breastfed ones. No significant difference was found in bovine BLG-specific cell proliferation between both groups. Concerning the properties investigated like antigenicity, allergenicity and immunogenicity, the extensively hydrolysed whey based hypoallergenic formula does not significantly differ from mother milk in 6 month-old infants with an increased atopy risk.

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Accession: 048678821

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