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Damage to large tendons: Achilles, patellar and quadriceps tendons

Damage to large tendons: Achilles, patellar and quadriceps tendons

Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen 77(7): 637

The etiology and mechanisms of Achilles, patellar and quadriceps tendon ruptures are very similar. Age dependent changes in tendon structure and disorders such gout, diabetes, rheumatic diseases and chronic renal failure are associated causes. The main mechanism of rupture is indirect trauma. Although clinical diagnosis is easy, ruptures are still frequently missed. Sonography is the main standard diagnostic tool. MRI is indicated only in special cases. Open operative repair is the most common treatment for quadriceps and patellar tendon ruptures. Treatment of Achilles tendon ruptures is moving towards an individualized choice of therapy. Percutaneous and other "minimally invasive" techniques will play an increasingly important role.

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Accession: 048713517

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16786338

DOI: 10.1007/s00104-006-1205-4

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