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Density functional theory of solvation and its relation to implicit solvent models

Density functional theory of solvation and its relation to implicit solvent models

Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 109(14): 6754-6763

We describe a density functional theory approach to solvation in molecular solvents. The solvation free energy of a complex solute can be obtained by direct minimization of a density functional, instead of the thermodynamic integration scheme necessary when using atomistic simulations. In the homogeneous reference fluid approximation, the expression of the free-energy functional relies on the knowledge of the direct correlation function of the pure solvent. After discussing general molecular solvents, we present a generic density functional describing a dipolar solvent and we show how it can be reduced to the conventional implicit solvent models when the solvent microscopic structure is neglected. With respect to those models, the functional includes additional effects such as the microscopic structure of the solvent, the dipolar saturation effect, and the nonlocal character of the dielectric constant. We also show how this functional can be minimized numerically on a three-dimensional grid around a solute of complex shape to provide, in a single shot, both the average solvent structure and the absolute solvation free energy.

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Accession: 048732200

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16851760

DOI: 10.1021/jp045453v

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