+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Depression and associated factors of informal caregivers versus professional caregivers of demented patients

Depression and associated factors of informal caregivers versus professional caregivers of demented patients

Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 59(4): 473-480

To examine the differences in depressive state and associated factors between informal and professional caregivers, a cross-sectional study was carried out in 23 informal home-based caregivers of demented patients, 24 professional caregivers working in the dementia ward of a psychiatric hospital, and 31 controls. Measurements included severity of dementia (Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, Mini Mental State Examination, MMSE) and levels of caregivers depression (Beck Depression Inventory; BDI), care burden (Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview; ZBI) and quality of life (World Health Organization-Quality of Life-26, WHO-QOL26). Informal caregivers had the highest BDI score and ZBI and the lowest QOL among the three studied groups. Regarding informal caregivers, there was a strong positive correlation between BDI and ZBI scores. The BDI and ZBI scores were significantly high when patients exhibited behavioral problems. The four WHO-QOL categories (physical domain, psychological domain, social relationships and environment) had a strong negative correlation with BDI. Regression analysis demonstrated that the psychological domain points of WHO-QOL, role strain factor of ZBI and MMSE score were significantly associated with BDI. Regarding professional caregivers, their BDI score had a strong negative correlation with the physical and psychological domains and environment categories of WHO-QOL. Regression analysis demonstrated that their BDI score was significantly associated with the psychological domain and environment. It is thus very important to provide sufficient social care services and/or personal support to informal caregivers.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 048735737

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16048454

DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2005.01401.x

Related references

Factors associated with symptoms of depression among informal caregivers of demented elders in the community. Gerontologist 38(2): 247-253, 1998

Determinants of quality of life in Alzheimer's disease: perspective of patients, informal caregivers, and professional caregivers. International Psychogeriatrics 24(11): 1805-1815, 2012

Gender differences in burden and depression among informal caregivers of demented elders in the community. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 17(2): 154-163, 2002

Depression and anxiety in primary caregivers: a comparative study of caregivers of demented and nondemented older persons. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 20(6): 591-592, 2005

Cultural differences in caregiving motivations for demented parents: Korean caregivers versus American caregivers. International Journal of Aging & Human Development 44(2): 115-127, 1997

New assessment of dependency in demented patients: impact on the quality of life in informal caregivers. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 61(3): 234-242, 2007

Differences between and within genders in caregiving strain: a comparison between caregivers of demented and non-caregivers of non-demented elderly people. Journal of Advanced Nursing 28(4): 849-858, 1998

Promoting participation of informal caregivers in the hospital care of the elderly patient: informal caregivers' perceptions. Journal of Advanced Nursing 23(5): 942-947, 1996

Do informal caregivers of demented patients refuse clinic comprehensive medico-psycho-social assessment? Prevalence and reasons for refusal. Geriatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement 16(3): 247-254, 2018

Sudden informal caregivers: the lived experience of informal caregivers after an unexpected event. Journal of Clinical Nursing 20(17-18): 2448-2457, 2011

Depression and level of burden among family caregivers of demented patients in Tunisia. Pan African Medical Journal 10: 45, 2011

Formal and informal support of family caregivers managing medications for patients who receive end-of-life care at home: a cross-sectional survey of caregivers. Palliative Medicine 28(9): 1146-1155, 2014

Burdens and coping strategies of informal caregivers. The perspective of informal caregivers. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 49(2): 138-142, 2016

Verbal and physical aggression against demented elderly by informal caregivers in The Netherlands. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 31(3-4): 156-162, 1996

Understaid: A Platform That Helps Informal Caregivers To Understand And Aid Their Demented Relatives. Alzheimer's & Dementia 10(4): P570-P571, 2014