Development and validation of molecular markers linked to an Aegilops umbellulata-derived leaf-rust-resistance gene, Lr9, for marker-assisted selection in bread wheat
Gupta, S.Kumar.; Charpe, A.; Koul, S.; Prabhu, K.Vinod.; Haq, Q.Mohd.Rizwanul.
Genome 48(5): 823-830
ISSN/ISBN: 0831-2796 PMID: 16391688 DOI: 10.1139/g05-051
An Aegilops umbellulata-derived leaf-rust-resistance gene, Lr9, was tagged with 3 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers, which mapped within 1.8 cM of gene Lr9 located on chromosome 6BL of wheat. The markers were identified in an F2 population segregating for leaf-rust resistance, which was generated from a cross between 2 near-isogenic lines that differed in the alien gene Lr9 in a widely adopted agronomic background of cultivar 'HD 2329'. Disease phenotyping was done in controlled environmental conditions by inoculating the population with the most virulent pathotype, 121 R63-1 of Puccinia triticina. One RAPD marker, S5550, located at a distance of 0.8+/-0.008 cM from the Lr9 locus, was converted to sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker SCS5550. The SCAR marker was validated for its specificity to gene Lr9 against 44 of the 50 known Lr genes and 10 wheat cultivars possessing the gene Lr9. Marker SCS5550 was used with another SCAR marker, SCS73719, previously identified as being linked to gene Lr24 on a segregating F2 population to select for genes Lr9 and Lr24, respectively, demonstrating the utility of the 2 markers in marker-assisted gene pyramiding for leaf-rust resistance in wheat.